Your skin gets its colour from the melanocyte cell, which produces Melanin. Skin pigmentation (Hyperpigmentation) occurs when melanin is overproduced in certain spots on the skin. Hyperpigmentation results in flat, darkened patches of skin that are light brown to black in colour, and can vary in size and shape. Many people suffer from pigmentation disorders.
Pigmentation is known by many names, though the official term is hyperpigmentation. Sun spots, brown spots and sun damage.
Most often seen as uneven skin tone, and characterised by uneven brown and tan patches on the face, hands, décolleté and shoulders. It’s caused by overexposure to the sun over a period of years and can be identified in the lower layers of the skin before it’s seen on the epidermis. Sun damage is one of the easiest forms of pigmentation to treat.
Very small melanin patches, medically termed ‘ephelis / ephelides’, found on all ages groups, though rarely on infants. They are thought to develop as a result of a combination of genetic tendency (inheritance) and sun exposure. Freckles often fade during the winter months but become more prominent during the summer with increased exposure to the sun. They can be found all over the body but most commonly appear on the face, upper back and shoulders, particularly on people with light skin and hair colouring.
Melasma or chloasma is often referred to as “the mask of pregnancy”, as it affects 90% of pregnant women. It occurs as a result of hormonal influences such as pregnancy and birth control pills, and causes dark and irregularly shaped areas on the face or arms that can be quite large.
Lentigo and age spots
A pigmented flat or slightly raised lesion with a clearly defined edge. Lentigines can affect males and females of all ages and races, but are most commonly found on the elderly and often called age spots or liver spots. They are caused by sun damage (including sunburn) indoor tanning and phototherapy. Unlike an ephilis (freckle), it does not fade in the winter months.
Skin peels by Dermaquest
The combination of Lactic, Mandelic and Phytic Acids work together to brighten skin and create an even skin tone.
Additionally, Mandelic Acid is an effective pigment inhibitor. An excellent treatment against hyperpigmentation and the appearance of dark spots due to acne scaring or melasma. Most appropriate for Asian, Arab and African skin types.
IPL (intense pulsed light)
Freckles, age spots and other minor blemishes are caused by melanin, a substance which gives our skin its colour. When melanin gathers in one spot, it becomes apparent as a discoloured area. The wavelengths of light produced by laser technology are designed to be absorbed by these pigmented areas; the powerful light then “shatters” the pigment, causing it to be dispersed by the body’s lymphatic system. The spots will gradually disappear.
Cryotherapy is the application of extreme cold to destroy abnormal or diseased tissue. Cryotherapy is used to treat a number of diseases and disorders, most especially skin conditions like pigmentation, warts and skin tags. The Cryopen’s accuracy to the millimetre is achieved by pointing a jet of nitrous oxide directly towards the lesion. You have a burning sensation on the skin and the lesions darken and flake off over the next 10 days May require more than 1 treatment depending on depth of pigment.
We believe that skin has a life and that vitamin A is the “oxygen” it needs to look beautiful and healthy for life. It is for this reason that we actively pursue skin care science to skilfully and consistently develop best-in-class, scientifically researched and developed products that work with the skin.
Find our more about Pigmentation Treatment Here.